[[logging]] === Logging

Elasticsearch emits a number of logs, which are placed in ES_HOME/logs. The default logging level is INFO. ((("post-deployment", "logging")))((("logging", "Elasticsearch logging"))) It provides a moderate amount of information, but is designed to be rather light so that your logs are not enormous.

When debugging problems, particularly problems with node discovery (since this often depends on finicky network configurations), it can be helpful to bump up the logging level to DEBUG.

You could modify the logging.yml file and restart your nodes--but that is both tedious and leads to unnecessary downtime. Instead, you can update logging levels through the cluster-settings API((("Cluster Settings API, updating logging levels"))) that we just learned about.

To do so, take the logger you are interested in and prepend logger. to it. Let's turn up the discovery logging:


PUT /_cluster/settings { "transient" : { "logger.discovery" : "DEBUG" }


While this setting is in effect, Elasticsearch will begin to emit DEBUG-level logs for the discovery module.

TIP: Avoid TRACE. It is extremely verbose, to the point where the logs are no longer useful.

[[slowlog]] ==== Slowlog

There is another log called the slowlog. The purpose of((("Slowlog"))) this log is to catch queries and indexing requests that take over a certain threshold of time. It is useful for hunting down user-generated queries that are particularly slow.

By default, the slowlog is not enabled. It can be enabled by defining the action (query, fetch, or index), the level that you want the event logged at (WARN, DEBUG, and so forth) and a time threshold.

This is an index-level setting, which means it is applied to individual indices:


PUT /my_index/_settings { "index.search.slowlog.threshold.query.warn" : "10s", <1> "index.search.slowlog.threshold.fetch.debug": "500ms", <2> "index.indexing.slowlog.threshold.index.info": "5s" <3>


<1> Emit a WARN log when queries are slower than 10s.

<2> Emit a DEBUG log when fetches are slower than 500ms.

<3> Emit an INFO log when indexing takes longer than 5s.

You can also define these thresholds in your elasticsearch.yml file. Indices that do not have a threshold set will inherit whatever is configured in the static config.

Once the thresholds are set, you can toggle the logging level like any other logger:


PUT /_cluster/settings { "transient" : { "logger.index.search.slowlog" : "DEBUG", <1> "logger.index.indexing.slowlog" : "WARN" <2> }


<1> Set the search slowlog to DEBUG level.

<2> Set the indexing slowlog to WARN level.